Birth Control Pill

Depending on the type of birth control that you have been using, you may have to wait some time after you have stopped using it before you can become pregnant. The different types of contraceptives and their affect on your fertility are discussed below
What are Birth Control Pills?

How to use them

Side Effects

Danger signs associated with the birth control pill

Missed Pills

Advantages

Disadvantages

Links

What are Birth Control Pills?

Birth control pills (The Pill) is the most popular type of birth control. There are many different brands of The Pill available today. One pill is taken every day at the same time of day. The first 21 pills have a combination of estrogen and progesterone hormones. The pill stops ovulation, preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs. The pill also thickens cervical mucus, making it harder for sperm to enter the uterus. The hormones in the Pill prevent fertilization. The last 7 pills of a 28-day pack have no hormones and are called spacer pills. The Pillis not 100% effective as birth control, it is about 97-99.9% effective, you should read the literature with your specific brand to get exact details. . It does not protect against reproductive tract infections, including HIV/AIDS. .

How to use them

The Pill is effective immediately when started within 6 days of the start of a period or within 6 days after an abortion. It will be effective after one month if started at other times. To lower the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, condoms can be used while taking The Pill.

Side Effects

As the body adjusts to hormonal changes created by The Pill, women often experience some minor side effects, including:
– Irregular bleeding or spotting
– Nausea
– Breast tenderness
– Weight gain and/or water retention
– Spotty darkening of the skin
– Mood changes
– Side effects usually disappear after 2-3 cycles. If your side effects are bothersome after 2-3 cycles or if heavy bleeding occurs, continue taking your pills and call the clinic for an appointment to talk about your prescription.

Danger signs associated with the birth control pill

Women who experience any of the following symptoms while taking The Pill should call their doctor immediately:
– Abdominal pains (severe)
– Chest pain or shortness of breath
– Headaches (severe)
– Eye problems, such as blurred vision
– Severe leg or arm pain or numbness
– Missed Pills: Late Start

Missed Pills

Women who are taking the pill can still get pregnant, and the most common reason why women get pregnant while using the pill is starting late.
– 1 day late starting the next pack: Take 2 pills as soon as you remember and one pill each day after. Use a backup form of birth control for two weeks.
– 2 days late starting the next pack: Take 2 pills per day for 2 days, then continue as usual. Use a backup form of birth control for two weeks.
– 3 or more days late starting the next pack: Call your doctor for instructions.

Advantages

– Periods may be lighter or more regular.
– Ease of use.
– No harm to future fertility.
– Does not affect sex play.
– May protect against uterine and ovarian cancers.
– May reduce acne.

Disadvantages

– Requires a doctors prescription.
– Does not protect against STD, including HIV/AIDS.
– Must be taken every day.
– Less effective when taken with some drugs.
– Raised risk of heart attack and stroke.